Filing for Social Security Disability in Ohio

Ohio pays additional money to disabled people who live in community or group homes or residential care facilities.

By , Contributing Author
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Although Social Security disability (SSD) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are federal programs, administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA), there are differences in certain aspects of the process between the individual states. Below you'll find information specific to applying for disability benefits in Ohio.

Filing for Disability in Ohio

The Social Security disability application process is the same in Ohio as elsewhere, but the office that makes decisions regarding disability claims in Ohio is the Division of Disability Determination (DDD), under the Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities (OOD) program.

Unfortunately, the Ohio DDD denies benefits to around 64% of those who apply for disability in Ohio. Only 36% of applicants are approved at the initial application stage.

Stage of Application



Initial Application Approval



Reconsideration Approval



Hearing Approval



Hearing Wait Time

16 months

18 months


If you are denied benefits, you will be able to file a paper appeal, called a "Request for Reconsideration." Another approximately 11% of Ohio's disability applicants are awarded benefits upon reconsideration.

Disability Hearing

If you are denied benefits at the reconsideration stage, you can request an in-person hearing in front of an administrative law judge. These hearings are held at OHO (see below). Unfortunately, the average wait for a disability hearing in Ohio is 16 months from the date the request for a hearing is submitted.

Statistically, however, you have the best chance of being awarded disability benefits following your disability hearing. In Ohio, over 47% of disability applicants are approved for benefits following their hearing, and this percentage is higher for applicants who are represented by a disability lawyer.

Residential State Supplement in Ohio

If you are approved for SSI or SSDI in Ohio, the State of Ohio may add a supplement to your monthly payment, depending on your living situation. This supplement is called the residential state supplement (RSS). You must apply for the state supplement separately from Social Security disability or SSI. As of 2019, the SSI state supplement in Ohio, most of which is applied to your "rent" at a facility, is determined as follows:

  • SSI recipients who live in an adult community mental health home receive a monthly supplement of $306.
  • SSI recipients who reside in an adult family home or adult foster home will receive a $506 monthly supplement.
  • Ohio SSI recipients who reside in an adult group home or adult residential care facility will receive a monthly supplement of $606.
  • SSI recipients in Ohio who live on their own or with family will not receive a supplementary payment from the state of Ohio.

Note that the above amounts are in addition to the federal disability payment. The RSS program has income and asset limits that are stricter than the limits for the SSI program.

Helpful Contact Information for Disability in Ohio

Social Security Field Offices

There are 57 Social Security Administration field offices in Ohio. You can locate the one closest to you by using Social Security's field office locator.

Disability Determination Division Office

The DDD office is located at:

Ohio OOD, Division of Disability Determination
400 E Campus View Blvd
Columbus, OH 43235
Telephone: (800) 282-2695
Fax: (888) 672-5254

OOD also can assist you in obtaining job training and rehabilitation services.

Hearing Offices in Ohio

Social Security disability hearings are conducted at the Office of Hearings Operations (OHO), part of the federal Social Security system. Ohio's OHO offices are located in the following Ohio cities:


121 South Main Street, Suite 400
Akron, Ohio 44308-1426
Telephone: (866) 708-3209
Fax: (330) 535-6052


John W. Peck Federal Building, Suite 4-510
550 Main Street
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Telephone: (877) 405-7672
Fax: (513) 361-0282


Skylight Office Tower, 5th Floor
1660 West Second Street
Cleveland, Ohio 44113
Telephone: (877) 402-0822
Fax: (216) 522-3344


401 N. Front Street, Suite 400
Columbus, OH 43215
Telephone: (888) 397-6870
Fax: (614) 469-6786


10 N Ludlow Street, Suite 300
Courthouse Plaza SW
Dayton, Ohio 45402
Telephone: (888) 450-4590
Fax: (937) 225-7701


One Seagate, 13th Floor
Toledo, Ohio 43604
Telephone: (866) 782-7304
Fax: (419) 241-8234

Getting Help With Your Ohio Disability Claim

To find a local attorney with Social Security disability experience to help you with your Social Security disability claim, use our lawyer locator below.

Updated August 1, 2019

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