Everyone on SSI disability (Supplemental Security Income) is eligible for the same base amount, $783 (in 2020). But your actual monthly SSI payment will depend on whether you have any countable income, whether you are married, and what state you live in.
The average SSI payment received in 2019 (by adults) was $551 per month. Children on SSI received an average of $655 per month.
While SSI is a federal program (administered by the Social Security Administration), and the federal government pays a standard base rate of $783 per month, most SSI recipients receive less than the federal benefit rate, and some receive more. The federal benefit rate for couples is $1,175, which you'll get if you are married and your spouse is eligible for SSI benefits as well. In addition, the federal rate amount regularly changes with cost-of-living increases. But most importantly, your actual monthly payment will depend on how much income you or your family brings in or earns and how much of a state supplemental payment (SSP) your state pays, if any.
If you have any income coming in other than SSI, some of it, but not all of it, will be subtracted from your SSI payment.
The SSA will first look to see what income you have is countable. Countable income includes:
But not all income is subtracted from your SSI payment. Each month, the SSA does not count:
Here is an example of how the SSA takes into account your income in calculating your SSI payment. Let's say Maria makes $625 per month, before taxes. Because the SSA won't count the first $20 of any income per month, or the first $65 of earnings, this leaves Maria's countable income at $540. Next, the SSA doesn't count half of the remaining earnings, or $270 ($540/2) in Maria's case. So, the SSA only counts $270 as countable income and will subtract $270 of Maria's $625 income from her SSI payment. Maria's monthly payment would be $513 ($783-$270).
While the federal benefit rate is the same through the United States, many states add a "state supplemental payment" onto the federal benefit. The payment varies from $10 to $400, depending on the state. Even within your own state, the supplementary payment can vary depending on whether you are married or single and what your living arrangement is. For instance, in 2020, California adds an extra $160 to the SSI payment for most people living independently with cooking facilities and $247 to those living independently without cooking facilities.
Some states pay the supplement only to those living in nursing homes. For example, Texas pays a $60 supplement only to those living in a nursing home, and pays nothing to others. Similarly, Georgia pays an extra $20 to those living in nursing homes, nothing to others. Maine pays only $10 extra, both to those living independently and those living in nursing homes.
A few states don’t pay a supplement at all, including Arizona, Arkansas, Mississippi, North Dakota, Oregon, Tennessee, and West Virginia.
The SSA administers the state supplement for some states, so the payment is included in people's SSI checks in those states, but other states pay the supplement directly to you, separately from your SSI payment. If you live in a state that administers and pays its own supplement, you need to apply for the supplemental payment directly from a state agency (the SSA can tell you how). If the SSA administers the payment for your state, you apply for it automatically when you fill out an SSI application.
For more information, see our article on the state supplementary payment.
Updated May 29, 2020