Endometriosis is a condition that affects women during their reproductive years. Over 80 million women suffer from endometriosis worldwide. Most of these women are in the twenty to forty age group, and of the women who have the condition up to forty percent are infertile. Endometriosis mainly affects the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, and may leave some women infertile. Fortunately, endometriosis-induced infertility can usually be corrected through surgery and hormone therapy.
Women who have endometriosis may have internal bleeding, pain, scar tissue, and inflammation in the areas where the endometrial cells are located. Endometrial cells can be found outside the uterus, on or in bowels, the bladder, and the small intestines. In rare cases, endometriosis can even be located in the eyes, lungs, and brain. Some doctors and researchers think that endometriosis is an auto-immune disease.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) does not have an official disability listing for endometriosis since the pain it causes is usually intermittent, and can often be managed with medication. However, if your condition limits you so much that you can't work a full-time job, the SSA may find that your "functional capacity" (what you can do) has been reduced to such an extent that there are really no jobs you can be expected to do.
Read more about reduced functional capacity and how the SSA decides if you can work.