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Although Social Security disability (SSD) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are federal programs, administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA), there are differences in certain aspects of the process between the individual states. Below you’ll find information specific to applying for disability benefits in Ohio.
The Social Security disability application process is the same in Ohio as elsewhere, but the office that makes decisions regarding disability claims in Ohio is the Division of Disability Determination (DDD), under the Rehabilitation Services Commission (RSC).
Unfortunately, DDD denies benefits to around 70% of those who apply for disability in Ohio. Only 30% of applicants are approved at the initial application stage.
If you are denied benefits, you will be able to file a paper appeal, called a “Request for Reconsideration.” Another approximately 12% of Ohio’s disability applicants are awarded benefits upon reconsideration.
If you are denied benefits at the reconsideration stage, you can request an in-person hearing in front of an administrative law judge. These hearings are held at ODAR( see below). Unfortunately, the average wait for a disability hearing in Ohio is 14 months from the date the request for a hearing is submitted.
Statistically, however, you have the best chance of being awarded disability benefits following your disability hearing. In Ohio, over 60% of disability applicants are approved for benefits following their hearing, and this percentage is higher for applicants who are represented by a disability lawyer.
If you are approved for SSI or SSDI in Ohio, the State of Ohio may add a supplement to your monthly payment, depending on your living situation. Ths supplement is called the residential state supplement (RSS). You must apply for the state supplement separately from Social Security disability or SSI. As of 2012, the SSI state supplement in Ohio is determined as follows:
Note that the above amounts are in addition to the federal disability payment. The RSS program has income and asset limits that are stricter than the limits for the SSI program.
There are 57 Social Security Administration field offices in Ohio. You can locate the one closest to you by using Social Security's field office locator.
The DDD office is located at:
Ohio RSC, Division of Disability Determination
400 E Campus View Blvd
Columbus, OH 43235
Telephone: (614) 438-1500
Fax: (888) 672-5254
The RSC also can assist you in obtaining job training and rehabilitation services.
Social Security disability hearings are conducted at the Office of Adjudication & Review (ODAR), part of the federal Social Security system. Ohio's ODAR offices are located in the following Ohio cities:
121 South Main Street, Suite 400
Akron, Ohio 44308-1426
Telephone: (866) 708-3209
Fax: (330) 535-6052
Enquirer Building, Suite 2100
312 Elm Street
Cincinnati, Ohio 45202
Telephone: (877) 405-7672
Fax: (513) 361-0282
Skylight Office Tower, 5th Floor
1660 West Second Street
Cleveland, Ohio 44113
Telephone: (877) 402-0822
Fax: (216) 522-3344
401 N. Front Street, Suite 400
Columbus, OH 43215
Telephone: (888) 397-6870
Fax: (614) 469-6786
10 N Ludlow Street, Suite 300
Courthouse Plaza SW
Dayton, Ohio 45402
Telephone: (888) 450-4590
Fax: (937) 225-7701
One Seagate, 13th Floor
Toledo, Ohio 43604
Telephone: (866) 782-7304
Fax: (419) 241-8234
To find a local attorney with Social Security disability experience to help you with your Social Security disability claim, visit our Ohio disability lawyer page.
by: Alison Barjaktarovich, Contributing Author