Children with disabilities who medically qualify as disabled through the Social Security Administration can receive a monthly Supplemental Security Income, or SSI, disability payment. SSI is a need-based program available to families with low income and assets. Children cannot qualifty for Social Security Disability Insurance benefits (SSDI, or SSD), because it's available only to disabled people who have worked a certain length of time in jobs that paid Social Security taxes. (But if a disabled child’s parent is eligible for Social Security retirement or disability, the child may be able to receive a dependent's benefit called the "disabled adult child benefit" after turning 18.)
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