Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is not based on having a limited income. In order to be eligible for SSDI, you must have worked a certain length of time and paid Social Security taxes. Along with this “work credit” requirement, you also must have a medical condition that meets the Social Security Administration’s definition of disability. SSDI disability payments are administered by the Social Security Administration. For more information on SSDI, see our section on SSDI.
Food stamps, which are benefits under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), are based on income and resources and are administered by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). You apply for SNAP benefits at the state level, and states differ in some aspects regarding criteria for qualifying (for example, some states do not count a primary vehicle as an asset for purposes of determining resources). In all cases, however, you need to meet certain income and resource limits to qualify for SNAP benefits.
If you are receiving SSDI and also qualify for SNAP benefits because you have limited income and resources, you can receive food stamps under SNAP. If your income and resources are too great, you will not be eligible for SNAP benefits even if you are receiving SSDI. SNAP does, however, have some special rules for people who are disabled. If you are receiving SSDI, you will be considered disabled for purposes of SNAP, and you may be able to deduct some of your medical expenses from your income. For more about SNAP, the SNAP eligibility criteria, and how to apply for food stamps, see the SNAP website at USDA.